The following Open Green Maps are the basis of the geographical comparisons

"Kenya comprises 42 ethnic communities, each with its own unique values, language, and cultural practices. Before the arrival of the Asians and Europeans, each of these communities either stayed in one place for generations or moved from one place to another according to seasonal dictates. They depended on tilling the land, herding, hunting, fishing, and gathering for subsistence. Food, water, diseases, and droughts shaped their demographics, while intercommunity hostilities defined ethnic boundaries".

"Respect for the environment was almost universally practiced. From childhood, people were taught to respect nature and the world around them. Wild animals were used on a sustainable basis for the provision of food, clothing, shelter, medicine, weapons, and other needs, including tribal ceremonies and rituals. Some of the traditional natural resource management approaches were based on a belief system that included prescriptions for restraining excessive resource use. It was a taboo, for example, to kill a living organism without cause".

"British rule in Kenya lasted for nearly 70 years, between 1895 and 1963. Their style of governance; their approach to land acquisition, ownership, use, and management; their philosophy and patterns of wildlife conservation, utilization, and establishment of protected areas; their relationship with the native people and attitude toward African cultures; and their approach to law enforcement and response to resistance by discontented communities— all played a crucial role in shaping the attitude of many Kenyans towards wildlife, and continues to have a bearing on how conservation issues are perceived and tackled".

The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment identified four categories of ecosystem services:

* Provisioning services:• The goods or products obtained from ecosystems such as food, freshwater, timber, and fiber.
* Regulating services: The benefits obtained from an ecosystem's control of natural processes, such as climate, disease, erosion, water flows, and pollination, as well as protection from natural hazards. "Regulating" in this context is not referring to governmental policies or regulations, but rather to a natural phenomenon.
* Cultural services: The nonmaterial benefits obtained from ecosystems such as recreation, spiritual values, educational benefits, and aesthetic enjoyment.
* Supporting services:• The natural processes such as nutrient cycling and primary production that maintain the other services.

Kenyans-like all people on Earth-depend on nature to sustain their lives and livelihoods. Not only does it provide the basic goods needed for survival such as water, food, and fiber, people also rely on nature to purify air and water; produce healthy soils; cycle nutrients; and regulate climate. Collectively, these benefits derived from nature's systems are known as ecosystem services.

About 80 percent of Kenyans derive their livelihoods from agricultural activities; agriculture contributes, directly and indirectly, about 53
of the nation's Gross Domestic Product. Other contributions of ecosystem services to the economy come from tourism based on Kenya's natural endowment of wildlife, mountains, rangelands, beaches, and coral reefs; as well as timber production from forests; and fish catches from lakes, rivers, and the Indian Ocean.

For a given ecosystem service, the supply is often concentrated in specific areas. Understanding where such key resource areas are located, the ecosystem processes operating to create and maintain these areas, and the services produced and valued by the community is essential for managing resources for improved livelihoods and sustained use

In 2007, The World Resources Institute in collaboration with the Government of Kenya produced an atlas of ecosystems and human well-being entitled ‘Nature's Benefits in Kenya’

This report by Norbert Henninger and Florence Landsberg provides a new approach to integrating spatial data on poverty and ecosystems in Kenya. It is endorsed by five Permanent Secretaries in Kenya and with a Foreword by Wangari Maathai (recipient of the 2004 Nobel Peace Prize).

The maps in the report give an overview of Kenya's physical geography; rainfall patterns; major ecosystem types; and densities of wildlife, livestock, and people. They provide a synoptic view of Kenya as a context for the subsequent chapters on poverty and selected ecosystem services. Savanna and grassland ecosystems, and bushland and woodland ecosystems cover 39 and 36 percent of Kenya, respectively. Agroecosystems extend over another 19 percent and closed forests make up about 1.7 percent of Kenya's land area. Urban ecosystems cover only about 0.2 percent of the country.

The report takes a business viewpoint that ecosystems provide businesses-as well as people and communities-with a wide range of benefits known as ecosystem services. Ecosystem services matter to companies because they are intimately linked in two fundamental ways. First, businesses depend upon ecosystems and the services ecosystems provide. Second, businesses impact ecosystems and the services ecosystems provide. These two linkages can pose a number of operational, regulatory/legal, reputational, market, or financing risks and opportunities to a company.

Basic principles that guide how to integrate ecosystem service considerations into business performance systems, regardless of the system, include:

(1) consider all ecosystem services;
(2) assess dependence;
(3) identify opportunities;
(4) look beyond the company boundaries;
(5) engage stakeholders and experts; and
(6) manage with incomplete data.

Ecosystem service considerations are relevant to a variety of business performance systems, including corporate strategy development processes, product design guidelines and life-cycle assessments, environmental and social impact assessments, environmental management systems, corporate sustainability reporting, and investment screening processes.

Ecosystems provide businesses-as well as people and communities-with a wide range of goods and services. For example, forests supply timber and wood fiber, regulate climate by absorbing carbon dioxide, and provide a place for recreation. No solution to climate change can be found without reducing deforestation, which accounts for more than 11 percent of greenhouse-gas emissions. Every minute of every day the planet loses an area of forest the size of 50 soccer fields. Forest loss and degradation is also the main reason why species loss is running at a rate 1,000 times that of the pre-industrial era. Coral reefs attract tourists, serve as nurseries for commercial fish species, and protect properties along coastlines from storm surges. Wetlands absorb waste, help reduce floods, and purify water. These and other benefits from nature are known as ecosystem services.

This report and its GIS approach provides the model for an educational comparison with Wales in the UK using the Green Map System